Sermon: Epiphany 5 RCL A – Mind of Christ

The podcast is available here.


Photo by Joshua Eckstein on Unsplash

The local sheriff in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana was looking for a deputy, so Boudreaux – who was not exactly the sharpest nail in the bucket went in to try out for the job.

“Okay,” the sheriff drawled, “Boudreaux, what is 1 and 1?”

“11,” he replied.

The sheriff thought to himself, “That’s not what I meant, but he’s right.”

“What two days of the week start with the letter ‘T’?”

“Today and tomorrow.”

He was again surprised that Boudreaux supplied a correct answer that he had never thought of himself.

“Now Boudreaux, listen carefully: Who killed Abraham Lincoln?”

Boudreaux looked a little surprised himself, then thought really hard for a minute and finally admitted, “I don’t know.”

“Well, why don’t you go home and work on that one for a while?”

So, Boudreaux wandered over to the pool hall where his pals were waiting to hear the results of the interview. Boudreaux was exultant.

“It went great! First day on the job and I’m already working on a murder case!”

The Intelligence Quotient (aka: IQ) can be defined as: “The whole of cognitive or intellectual abilities required to obtain knowledge, and to use that knowledge in a good way to solve problems that have a well described goal and structure.” (Source) Boudreaux I don’t know about, but the average person (68% of us) has an IQ between 85 and 115, and you have to be in the top 2% (IQ ~140 or above) to be admitted into Mensa—think Genius club.  Currently, the youngest member of Mensa is 3, with an IQ of 142.  Are you a genius?  Well, according to one genius, Albert Einstein, you are: “Everybody is a genius, but if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing it is stupid.” (Source)  

Even though a person has a high IQ, as much as genius level, they can still be an idiot.  High IQ means you can quickly take in large amounts of information and utilize it in the given setting, but wisdom (not being an idiot) is something completely different.  Charles Duhigg, author of The Power of Habit, says, “Typically people who can see beyond the information they’ve learned and apply it through analogies to other situations in their life or see other insights from it, those are the people we typically refer to as being exceptionally wise.” (Source)  So, not being an idiot isn’t dependent upon your IQ, it is dependent upon your wisdom.  

Why this talk of IQ, intelligence, and wisdom? St. Paul wrote in his First Epistle to the Corinthians that we read, “Among the mature we do speak wisdom, though it is not a wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age… But we speak God’s wisdom, secret and hidden, which God decreed before the ages for our glory.”  What does that mean for us?

A few weeks ago we wrapped up our study of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans.  I had a number of folks say how confusing and difficult it was.  I went to seminary, have access to all these additional resources and even I had to stop and ask, “For the love of all things holy, what in the heck are you talking about?”  The ability to compare and contrast N.T. Wright’s to Gordon Fee’s views of Pauline Christology takes a higher IQ and intelligence than everyone I know, but to say that we are the body of Christ and Jesus is the head of the body, that is something most of us can get our heads around, and can understand, based on the information we have learned about our own bodies.  That is approaching wisdom, but we’re not quite there, because “God’s wisdom” that Paul referred to is our ability to take that and not only know it, but apply it—live it, because intelligence tells me that Jesus is the head, but wisdom directs me—the body—to submit to the mind of Christ instead of my own.  Which leads to one more question: where does that mind of Christ come from and how to we attain it?  St. Paul answers, “We have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit that is from God, so that we may understand the gifts bestowed on us by God.”  Through the Spirit of God, we have received the wisdom of God. As the author of Proverbs states, “For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.” (Proverbs 2:6)  We have the ability to understand what God expects of us, just as Jesus understood, because—and this is that mind blowing statement that we read—because “We have the mind of Christ.”  We can know what God expects of us, not because we have some high IQ and understand all things, but because we have the mind of Christ or put another way, we have the same Spirit of God within us that Jesus had in himself.  It is knowledge to be able to say it, but God’s wisdom to believe it, “We have the mind of Christ.”

When Jesus began to teach the things of God, what God expected of us, he spoke of the difference between intelligence in wisdom.  For example: Jesus said, “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’  But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment.”  “You shall not murder” is intelligence.  It comes from the Book and can be learned, but to take it the next step and apply it to the attitude of the heart is wisdom.

Again, Jesus said, “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’  But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.”  To know, “You shall not commit adultery,” is intelligence.  To understand that lusting in your heart is also adultery, that is wisdom.  You’ve taken the information and applied it to your life.

The Israelites were to be the salt of the earth.  They were to ‘season’ this life with God.  God and his teachings were to permeate every aspect of their lives.  They were also supposed to be the light of the world.  They were to draw others to God so that this ‘seasoning’ of God would be a part of others’ lives as well.  Why did Jesus judge the religious leaders—those who were to teach about being salt and light—why did he judge them so harshly?  Because they only taught and practiced ‘intelligence.’  They cared about outward/external things, but not internal, things of the heart.  As Jesus will later say, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.”  Therefore he goes onto say to them, “You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside also?”  He wants them to take what they know of God through all their studies and understanding and then apply it, not only to their bodies, but to their hearts and souls as well.  And that message is the same for us, because at the end our Gospel reading, Jesus said to those who were listening, “For I tell you, unless your righteousness—your wisdom—exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.”  Just about anyone can appear to be a ‘good’ Christian, while at the same time have a heart shrouded in darkness.  My friend St. Josemaría Escrivá said that to be like this is not to have the mind of Christ, but the “mask of Christ.” (cf. The Furrow #595)

We have been grafted into the people of God, so we are now also to be the ones who are salt and light.  With the mind of Christ, we are to have wisdom that teaches and guides us, so that others may see our good works—so that others may see God and give glory to our Father in heaven.  To accomplish this, we don’t need a Mensa level IQ, we need the mind of Christ, the wisdom of Christ, which is given to us all through the Spirit of God, for as Paul said, “These things God has revealed to us through the Spirit.”  Pray that the mind of Christ, the Spirit of God may enter you more fully and fill you with God’s wisdom.

Let us pray: Loving Father, faith in Your Word is the way to wisdom. Help us to think about Your Divine Plan that we may grow in the truth. Open our eyes to Your deeds, our ears to the sound of Your call, so that our every act may help us share in the life of Jesus. Give us the grace to live the example of the love of Jesus, which we celebrate in the Eucharist and see in the Gospel. Form in us the likeness of Your Son and deepen His Life within us.  Amen.

Sermon: The Presentation of Our Lord

The podcast (now recorded live) is available here.



According to a traditional Hebrew story, Abraham was sitting outside his tent one evening when he saw an old man, weary from age and journey, coming toward him. Abraham rushed out, greeted him, and then invited him into his tent. There he washed the old man’s feet and gave him food and drink.

The old man immediately began eating without saying any prayer or blessing. So Abraham asked him, “Don’t you worship God?”

The old traveler replied, “I worship fire only and reverence no other god.”

When he heard this, Abraham became incensed, grabbed the old man by the shoulders, and threw him out of his tent into the cold night air.

When the old man had departed, God called to his friend Abraham and asked where the stranger was. Abraham replied, “I forced him out because he did not worship you.”

God answered, “I have suffered him these eighty years although he dishonors me. Could you not be patient with him one night?”

“Patience is a virtue,
Possess it if you can.
Found seldom in a woman,
Never in a man.”
(Source unknown)

Personally, I think I’m doing better with being patient, except for bad drivers and stupid. You all know that bad drivers make me crazy, but stupid also has a way of putting me over the edge. God, as Abraham learned, is patient. The Psalmist wrote:

The Lord is merciful and gracious,
slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. (Psalm 103:8)

However, we, like Abraham, even when it comes to being patient on the Lord, could use a bit of work. “Dear Lord, make me patient, and do it now!” What does being patient on the Lord look like?

Luke does not tell us how old the Prophet Simeon was when he encountered the Holy Family, but there are several indicators that he was quite aged. Orthodox tradition even states that he was over 200 years old. Unlike Simeon, we are told the age of the Prophetess Anna, eighty-four. I think it would be fair to say that Simeon was at least as old or older.

So, let’s do a bit of math (not my strong suit). As we are celebrating the Presentation of Our Lord, which is also the ritual Purification of Mary following the birth of a child, then we know that at this stage Jesus is forty days old. What year was Jesus born? Most scholars place it at around 4 BC. Four years before what is considered year 0 AD. All that to say, if we place Simeon and Anna at close the same age, then we can agree that they were born in 88 BC, approximately. Who ruled Israel at that time? The Maccabees/Hasmoneans. Anna for sure and most likely Simeon were both born in an era when Israel was free from foreign rule. Under the Hasmoneans, Jerusalem grew from a city of 5,000 to 25-30,000. It was prosperous, important. The point being that Simeon and Anna had seen a time in the life of Israel when God reigned, when God was King, but the pendulum swung and in 63 AD the city was sacked by the Romans, so for almost sixty years, Anna and Simeon had observed all the suffering of the people brought about by occupying forces of Rome. From one extreme to the to the other they were witnesses. Yet, instead of simply giving in, crying defeat, and lamenting the past and the current state of their lives, they did the one thing that would actually make a difference: they prayed. Simeon “was righteous and devout, looking forward to the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit rested on him.” Anna “never left the temple but worshiped there with fasting and prayer night and day… looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.”

Like so many others, they could have given themselves over to despair, but instead, they chose to have hope, always looking forward to the consolation, the comforting after the defeat, the redemption, the saving of Israel by the hand of God. But not only did they believe that the Lord would save, they knew the Lord would save, so with hope they patiently waited on the dawning of God’s light:

“a light for revelation to the Gentiles
and for glory to your people Israel.”

Today your life may be rosy and beautiful, but for all of us, just like with Anna and Simeon, the pendulum will swing; maybe for a short while, maybe for a season, maybe for much longer, and that swinging is not a matter of if, but when. So the question is: how will we respond? How do we wait for God in the dark days?

Henri Nouwen wrote a beautiful little daily devotional, Bread for the Journey: A Daybook of Wisdom and Faith. For November 20th he wrote, “How do we wait for God? We wait with patience. But patience does not mean passivity. Waiting patiently is not like waiting for the bus to come, the rain to stop, or the sun to rise. It is an active waiting in which we live the present moment to the full in order to find there the signs of the One we are waiting for.

“The word patience comes from the Latin verb patior which means ‘to suffer.’ Waiting patiently is suffering through the present moment, tasting it to the full, and letting the seeds that are sown in the ground on which we stand grow into strong plants. Waiting patiently always means paying attention to what is happening right before our eyes and seeing there the first rays of God’s glorious coming. Source

That describes Anna and Simeon. They were ones who were looking for consolation, looking for redemption… looking for God in the most difficult of times… and because they were looking for him, they saw him, encountered him, embraced him.

Last week, Ashley shared a lovely sermon and as part of it she read to us the opening verse of Genesis, “In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light.” (Genesis 1:1) Ashley added, “God has always provided that light for us.” That and what Nouwen said truly resonated with me. When we see the world as dark, when we witness or experience suffering, if we will have this patient hope that Anna and Simeon portrayed, if we will spiritually ‘look to the east for the rising of the Son,’ then as Nouwen says, we will see “the first rays of God’s glorious coming.” God has always provided light and he will continue to do so until the full light of his glorious coming is upon us, therefore, let us also be patiently hopeful for the coming of God’s light, for it is in that light that we too will see him, encounter him, and embrace him.

Let us pray: Father in heaven, our hearts desire the warmth of your love and our minds are searching for the light of your Word. Increase our longing for Christ our Savior and give us the strength to grow in love, that the dawn of his coming may find us rejoicing in his presence and welcoming the light of his truth. We ask this in the name of Jesus the Lord. Amen.

Sermon: Thomas Aquinas

The podcast is available here.



Let’s see how badly I can confuse you today!  

Can you prove to me that there is a God?  Sounds easy enough, but when it comes right down to it… not so much.  However, there have been several who tried, and in the eyes of many, including the Church, have succeeded; one of which is our Saint for today, Thomas Aquinas.

Thomas was born in 1225 in Italy and his teachings and writings can really only be compared to those of St. Augustine of Hippo when considering their effect on Christian thought (think of them as the Einstein’s of Christianity).  It was during Thomas’ life that the writings of the great philosopher Aristotle were ‘rediscovered’, and it was Thomas Aquinas who took these writings of Aristotle and integrated them into Christian thought, which means that a new way of understanding God was brought into Christian thinking and that understanding was through the use of reason.  How so?  Think of the polarized views of today.

On one side we have science.  Science is essentially all reason.  A bit like math: one plus one equals two.  That same reason has led some in the scientific fields or understanding to deny the existence of God, for example, the creation of the universe came about through the Big Bang, therefore, all that business in Genesis is just a fairy tale and God doesn’t exist.  The other side is Sola Scriptura, which declares that the Bible is all that is needed to prove the existence of God.  Aquinas would say, “Not so fast,” to both groups.

In his greatest work, Summa Theologica, Aquinas puts forward five logical arguments (reasons) for the existence of God, the first of which is the argument of motion.  He begins by simply saying, things move.  We can all agree on that.  From there he says, in order for things to move, something had to make them move.  Think of a ball on a pool table: if that ball is going to move, something has to move it, whether it is the cue stick or gravity or even a ghosty, something made it move, but what made that something move?  You can chase that as far back as you want, but for Aquinas, you eventually have to admit that there was something entirely different that made the very first thing move: the ‘first mover,’ something that was the initiator of all other movement, so why not call that ‘first mover’ God.  That doesn’t reveal the God of Christianity, but it does establish some ‘higher power,’ as some like to refer to it today.  So, when it comes to creation and someone arguing the Big Bang started it all, Aquinas would simply ask, “Who made it go bang?”  To those who say, Sola Scriptura, Aquinas would say, “God gave you a brain.  Use it.”  The one thing the argument of reason cannot answer is how do we go from ‘higher power’ to the God of Christianity.  For Aquinas, that takes one more step: revelation.

Revelation goes back to our study of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans where we understood that our belief in God is a grace given to us by God.  Because of this grace, this revelation, even though we cannot prove that the ‘higher power’ is the God of Christianity, we can have faith and believe.  This same grace, faith, revelation helps us in discerning the Holy Trinity, the Incarnation, and ultimately the ability to declare that Jesus is Lord, for as Jesus said to Simon Peter when Peter declared Jesus as Lord, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.”  “Flesh and blood”, that is ‘reason’ did not reveal this to you, but the “Father”, that is ‘revelation’ did.

Confused?  It’s OK if you are.  Most of us are.  The important thing to note is that there have been and are these really great thinkers of the Christian faith and through their work, we can learn that things like reason and science and faith are not incompatible opposites, but in fact work together in providing a more clear understanding of God as revealed in the person of Jesus Christ.

Sermon: Epiphany 2 RCL A – "Entering the Story"

The podcast is available here.


Photo by Jan Tinneberg on Unsplash

Billy Graham says, “I was coming down on an elevator with some friends of mine and a man got on about the fifth floor and said, ‘I hear Billy Graham is on this elevator,’ and one of my friends pointed in my direction and said, ‘Yes, there he is.’”

Graham reports, “The man looked me up and down for about 30 seconds and he said, ‘My, what an anticlimax.’”

In today’s Gospel reading, we begin the story again.  Jesus has been baptized and now he is calling the disciples.  According to the Apostle John, John the Baptist saw Jesus walking by and said, “Look, here is the Lamb of God!”  When two of John’s disciples heard this, they began following Jesus who then asked them “What are you looking for?”  They don’t exactly answer him: “Rabbi, where are you staying?” He said to them, “Come and see.”  So they did and ended up spending the afternoon with Jesus.  Later, one of the two disciples, Andrew, went and found his brother, Simon, and brought him to Jesus, who said Simon was to be called Peter.  This is the calling of Andrew and Peter.  Right.  But, who was the other disciple that followed Jesus that day?

The reading said, “One of the two who heard John [the Baptist] speak and followed [Jesus] was Andrew.”  “One of the two,” but nowhere is the second disciple named.  So who is this unnamed person?

Most scholars agree that it is actually John, the author of the Gospel, writing himself into the story without actually naming himself.  That would make sense and provide readers with an understanding as to how John could have known so much about the ministry of Jesus.  If in fact this is John, he’ll use this technique several more times.  On the night of Jesus’ arrest: “Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, but Peter had to wait outside at the door.”  “Simon Peter and another disciple… this disciple was known….”   At the Last Supper: “…the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him.”  And on the Sunday of the Resurrection: “So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb.  Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter.”  All of these are details that not just anyone would know.  So, it can be reasonably argued that this is John speaking about his part in the story.

For us, that is an interesting theory/fact about the Gospel of John, but can it serve us in our understanding.  Is there a way that this unnamed Apostle can deepen our faith.  St. Ignatius of Loyola would say, “Yes.”  

One of the exercises that the aspirants for Holy Orders are practicing is what is known as Ignatian Contemplation.  It is a way of engaging our senses and imagination in the reading of Holy Scripture. Instead of reading the text in a two dimensional way, we enter into it.  Instead of simply seeing the words on the page, we let our imagination enter into our reading and then ask ourselves, what would I be seeing, smelling, hearing, tasting, etc.  You don’t make things up or put words in the mouth of anyone, but you do put yourself there.  For example, I can read a sentence about someone walking on a beach, but in Ignatian Contemplation, I would enter into that: I would feel the warmth of the sand against my feet and how the sand gave way as I put my weight down, I would hear the waves crashing in and seagulls crying above me, I would smell the salt in the air, feel the sun.  I only read about someone walking on a beach, but then I allowed my self to experience that based on my knowledge of what walking on a beach is really like.

So, when it comes to the Gospel of John and his unnamed Apostle, instead of simply allowing my intellect to say, “Oh, that’s John writing himself into the story,” I can allow myself to enter the story and let the unnamed Apostle be me.  Take the one we just read about: “So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb.  Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter.”  From the rest of that passage, we can assume that Peter and John were somewhere hidden away in Jerusalem, when suddenly Mary Magdalene comes rushing in and tells them that the stone was rolled away and someone has taken the body of Jesus.  Upon hearing this, Peter and John take off, racing to the tomb.  Take that one little bit: early in the morning, before the city has come alive, you and Peter are racing through the streets of Jerusalem.  All you can hear is the fall of your own footsteps.  Peter is ahead of you, but you catch him and pass him, but in that moment when you are side-by-side, you catch each others’ eyes.  Neither of you speaks, but you don’t have to.  Question: you are that unnamed Apostle running along side Peter: what do you see, hear, feel, and even better, what are you thinking?  

Are you afraid that they really have stollen his body or is there something in the back of your mind, something Jesus said about rising on the third day.  

There is a way to read Holy Scripture and simply see the words on the page and there is a way to read Holy Scripture and enter into and ask, “What does this mean?” and “What does this mean for me?”

Now, all this may just sound like an interesting exercise to maybe try out sometime, but it is an exercise that is really quite necessary in order to fully grasp the implications of this week’s Gospel reading, because this week’s Gospel reading actually asks us to answer why we are here.  Why we gather.  Why we worship.  All of it.

So, enter into the story: you and Andrew have been disciples of John the Baptist for quite some time.  You have heard John speak often of this one who is to come, one whose sandals he is unworthy to untie.  One who will baptize with fire and the Holy Spirit.  You have heard him speak of this one as the Lamb of God, and then one day, as you are standing along the banks of the Jordan, a man walks by and John the Baptist points at him and says, “Look, here is the Lamb of God!”  Is this really the one John has been speaking about all this time?  Could it be the Messiah?  The Savior?  The Son of God?  You and Andrew follow this man.  He hears you behind him, stops, turns and asks, “What are you looking for?”  

That is a fairly simple question: What are you looking for? but for you, when asked by Jesus, the answer really defines why you are here today.

It is not one of those questions that I can answer for you, but there is more than one answer or should I say, more than one level of answer.  For example: on one level, I think we are here for simple fellowship, community, a sense of belonging to something and belonging somewhere.  On another level, we come to engage with our faith: to learn more about God’s word, how to pray, about the work of the Church, which also brings in a level of service to others, reaching out.  Again, there are many different levels of answers and those answers are all correct and may change on a daily basis.  One week you may come with a desire to serve and minister with others, while other times, you may come in hopes of being ministered to and supported, but what is the ultimate cause, the first answer that everything else comes from?

Truthfully, you may not have an answer, but as we said earlier, this is the beginning of the Gospel, of the story and the disciples are just now meeting Jesus for the first time.  When Jesus asked them what they were looking for, they answered, “Teacher, where are you staying.”  They didn’t have an answer either, so to their question, Jesus said, “Come and see.”  To me, Jesus is saying, “Come and see and I will show you what you’ve been looking for all your life.  Come and see and I will show you life, purpose, joy, faith, hope, love.”  So, today, instead of trying to answer the question, What are you looking for?, let’s walk with him and see what he will show us.  Unlike the fellow who saw Billy Graham for the first time, I don’t think what Jesus will show us will be anticlimactic.  

Let us pray:
Grant us, O Lord our God,
minds to know you,
hearts to seek you,
wisdom to find you,
conduct pleasing to you,
faithful perseverance in waiting for you,
and a hope of finally embracing you.
Amen.

Sermon: Ordination of Jim Gorton to the Sacred Order of Priests


Daniel Sylvester Tuttle was the first missionary bishop to the Missionary District of Montana, Idaho, and Utah.  It was an area of 340,000 square miles (by comparison, Oklahoma is about 70,000). As Montana was my sending Diocese, Tuttle was a hero of mine while in seminary, and still is. The very first evening he crossed the Montana line, coming up from Salt Lake City, he woke up to two inches of snow on the ground. It was July 18th. Ministry can present some interesting challenges. After a period of time there, he learned even more what it was to be like. Writing home to his wife, he told her about the vestry at St. Paul’s in Virginia City: “Of the vestry of St. Paul’s church which we got together, one vestryman, high in civil office, got into an altercation with a lawyer over some matters retailed by gossip, and would have shot him dead had not a friend near by struck up the pistol. One was a Unitarian. Another, the most godly of them all, and the one on whom I most leaned for Christian and churchly earnestness, became involved in a dispute, and missed, by the smallest margin, the fighting of a duel. Still another was an appallingly steady drinker.” Of that same vestry, he later wrote: “We mean to cut down the number [of vestry members] from nine to seven. We mean to throw out at least drunkards and violent swearers.” Jim… welcome to ordained ministry. And, if you think the laity are a bit rough around the edges, just wait until you find yourself in a room full of clergy! And… one more and… if you begin to think that you are better than any of them, hang up your stole and find yourself another profession, for there really is only one Good Shepherd.

Our role as clergy is not to think or even pretend that we are the Good Shepherd that John spoke of in the Gospel, for the truth is, we can easily say with St. Paul, “Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst.” Instead, our role is the same role as it is for every member of the Church and that is to point to Christ Jesus and make Him known.

The Isenheim Altarpiece is considered to be Matthias Grünewald’s masterpiece. In the center is portrayed the crucifixion of Jesus. On the left is the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Apostle John, and Mary Magdalene. On the right is John the Baptist. John holds the Holy Scriptures in his left hand and his right hand is pointing to Jesus. The Latin words next to John are those of John 3:30: “He must become greater, I must become less.” That is the role of the priest: point to Jesus and get yourself out of the way. Why?

Perhaps I’m not supposed to, but I really enjoy the teachings of the former Roman Catholic priest, Brennan Manning. He died in 2013. At an event in Missouri he gave one of the most inspired sermons I’ve heard—no, I’m not going to read it all to you, but he said, “Do you remember the famous line of the French philosopher, Blaise Pascal? ‘God made man in his own image, and man returned the compliment’? We often make God in our own image, and He winds up to be as fussy, rude, narrow minded, legalistic, judgmental, unforgiving, unloving as we are.”

Why do you need to point to Jesus and then get out of the way? Because so many people think of God in just that same way. He’s just up there looking for ways to smite me! In addition, so many people are hurt, doubt their faith, believe they are unworthy, unsaveable, and unloved and it is not your voice that is going to bring them to a place of grace, forgiveness, healing, faith, worthiness, love… it is His. It is his voice. It is his voice that they need to hear and in hearing it, they will know that they are loved by a God who truly desires them and wants to enter into a relationship with them. Jim, point to Jesus and get out of the way.

And for those who Jim will work in the midst of… show him a bit of grace. He ain’t perfect and he doesn’t have all the answers, but he is faithful—I wouldn’t be up here today preaching if I didn’t believe that. He is a faithful man, who like you, is trying to navigate this world, and the grace you show and the prayers you support him with, will go so much further than any bit of criticism of him you will ever speak. Through Holy Orders, he is being set apart to serve God, but just as you will ask him for prayers, forgiveness, healing, mercy… you must remember that he also needs all those things as well.

Ultimately, we must all—laity and clergy—remember that this work of the ministry of the Gospel is not about any single one of us. It is about us all, for as St. Peter teaches, “You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.” Not just Jim or just me or even just the Bishop… we are the royal priesthood and we are the ones called to make Christ Jesus known.

I’ll conclude by saying to for what St. Paul said to Timothy, “In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge: Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction.… keep your head in all situations, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, discharge all the duties of your ministry. The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you all.” Amen.

Sermon: The Confession of St. Peter RCL A



“When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, ‘I am God Almighty; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.’ Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, ‘As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.’” (Genesis 17:1-5)

We know that this is the beginning of the Covenant that God made with Israel through Abram. Later in the chapter, God will also give Sarai, Abraham’s wife a new name, Sarah. The names are significant: the name Abram means “Noble Father,” but Abraham means, “Father of Many.” Sarai, is “Princess” and Sarah becomes, “Mother of Nations.” A change in the name was not only God calling them His own and into his plan for salvation, but it was also a declaration, a prophecy if you will, of what they were to become and accomplish. So with this history, we know that when Jesus changes Simon’s name, something more is being said.

Jesus and the disciples had come to Caesarea Philippi and Jesus asked the disciples who the people were saying that he was. They respond, John the Baptist, one of the prophets and so on, but Jesus does not stop there, for he then asked, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” Jesus responds, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter.” Peter got the gold star and because of that Jesus changed his name and declared what Peter was to become and what work he intended on accomplishing through him, “On this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.”

The name Simon means, “he has heard,” and as Jesus indicates in his response to Simon/Peter, the name Peter means “Rock.” This name indicates that it is upon Peter and the confession of Jesus as Messiah, that the Lord will build His Church.

Later, the Apostle Paul—whose name was also changed!—will speak of building: “By the grace God has given me, I laid a foundation as a wise builder, and someone else is building on it. But each one should build with care.” But he also indicates that the confession of Jesus is the rock, the foundation, the cornerstone, “For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.”

There are many blocks that go into building a church. The bible, the creeds, the traditions, the people, the clergy, the prayer book and more, but if the foundation is not Jesus, the rest is worthless. The same is true of our individual faith and practices. We can pray in different ways, worship in different ways, all the way down to reading different translations of the Bible, but if the rock of our faith is not Jesus… well, it is like the house built on sandy ground: “The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash.”

In keeping the faith, this covenant and in confessing Jesus as Messiah, the Lord also ‘changes our name,’ pointing us to what we are to become and sharing with us the work we are to accomplish.

Sermon: The Baptism of Our Lord RCL A



Bill “The Old Arbitrator” Klem was the umpire behind home plate.  He called pitches for thirty-seven years, including eighteen World Series, and is also credited with being the first umpire to use hand signals so that the fans could see how he called a pitch.  Not everyone always agreed with the pitches he called, but everyone knew that whatever he did call—ball, strike, out—was gospel.  Klem also had an annoying habit of making everyone wait while he decided whether a pitch was a ball or a strike.  You would think it was obvious, but Klem must have let it play out in his head a couple of times before calling the pitch.  Losing patience, one batter turned to Klem and asked, “So what was it, a ball or strike?” Klem responded, “Sonny, it ain’t nothin’ till I call it.” (Source

Our Gospel reading today is from chapter three of Matthew’s Gospel and the chapter begins, “In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’”  We are told, “Then Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region about the Jordan were going out to him, and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.”  John is baptizing those who come to him and confessed their sins.  A spiritual washing.  But why did Jesus need that washing?  St. Peter, referencing the prophecy of Isaiah:

“He committed no sin,
and no deceit was found in his mouth.”

So, we can understand John the Baptist’s confusion at Jesus coming to him to be baptized: Jesus has not sinned and has no need for repentance, so why is he needing this baptism?

The Ascent of Isaiah is one of those beautiful deuterocanonical books of the Bible (those books that are not included in the canon of scripture).  It is the story about how the prophet Isaiah ascended into heaven to the seventh level of heaven, and while there learned many things, one of which is how the Lord, Jesus, descended through the seven levels of heaven and was born of a woman, yet as he descended was not recognized by the other angels or demons as being the very Son of God.  Isaiah records the words of God the Father: I heard the voice of the Most High, the Father of my Lord, saying to my Lord Christ who will be called Jesus: “Go forth and descent through all the heavens, and thou wilt descent to the firmament and that world: to the angel in Sheol thou wilt descend, but to Haguel thou wilt not go.  And thou wilt become like unto the likeness of all who are in the five heavens.  And thou wilt be careful to become like the form of the angels of the firmament [and the angels also who are in Sheol].  And none of the angels of that world shall know that Thou art with Me of the seven heavens and of their angels.” (Source)  And eventually, he would descend into Mary and be born of a woman.  Following his death and resurrection, Jesus ascended back into the seventh heaven and as he went, all the angels praised him, but also failed to understand how he could have passed through their midst, undetected, as he descended.  

Yes, a story that is attempting to explain the unexplainable, but that also conveys a truth, for St. Paul teaches us in his letter to the Philippians, “though [Jesus] was in the form of God, [he] did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.” (Philippians 2:6-8)

Why was Jesus baptized by John, even though he was without sin?  It was so that he could fully identify with us.  To redeem us, he had to become one of us.  Our God is not a god that sits in the heavens like Zeus or Baal and waves his hands this way and that to bring about the desired results.  Our God is one that not only created us, but also became one of us.  Why?  So that he could fully identify with us that he may redeem us.  There was no other way, because we were not going to be redeemed through the blood of a bull or goat.

Remember how the Temple priests made the daily sacrifices and that they did it for the forgiveness of sins?  But why did they have to make these same sacrifices day after day?  St. Paul answers, “It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.” (Hebrews 10:4)  We couldn’t be fully redeemed by the blood of bulls and goats.  We had to be redeemed by one who was without sin, but who would fully identify with us as flesh and blood human beings, and that was Christ Jesus: “When Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God… For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified. (Hebrews 10:12, 14)  To redeem us, he had to live as one of us: humbling himself, being born, falling down and skinning his knee, learning a trade, being baptized, fulfilling God’s purposes, betrayed, suffering, separation, dying.  All of that, so that you could be with him where he is.  All of that, so that we too could hear the words of our Father, not only spoken to and of Jesus, but also spoke to and of us: “This is my Son, the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased.”  What did Klem the umpire say?  “Sonny, it ain’t nothin’ till I call it.”  And through Christ’s actions, including his baptism, God has called it.  He has called us: His sons and daughters, with whom he is well pleased.  “See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are… Beloved, we are God’s children now.” (1 John 3:1a, 2)

Jesus identified with us through his baptism so that we might identify with him as sons and daughters of God.  Funny thing is… or perhaps it is a sad thing, I look in the mirror and I don’t see a child of God.  

So many Sundays I have stood up here and preached about how we are to see God in the eyes of our neighbor, the stranger, our enemies.  We are to see God in all that we meet, and I think you do or at least you are working on it, but I would wager, if you were to ask anyone here, “Do you see a child of God when you look in the mirror?”  I think, most of the time, the answer would be, “No.”  What do we see?  We see a failure, a fake, a liar, a hypocrite, a sinner.  We see someone who we believe unworthy of the promises of God and not very likely to attain them.  Perhaps this is the reason there is so little love in the world, for scripture says, “Love your neighbor as you love yourself,” and since we have so little love for ourselves… 

It ain’t nothin’ until Klem calls it and we ain’t nothin’ until God calls it, but God has called it: “This is my Son, the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased,” and through him, you are my children, with whom I am also pleased.  What would your life be like if you could live into that?  How greatly could you love, if you loved yourself—if you understood that Jesus endured it all so that not only could he identify with you, but so that you could identify with him.

You are loved by God.  You are his daughters, his sons.  Everything he did, from the manger to the tomb, including stepping into the waters of the Jordan to be baptized by John, was done so that you could become and believe that you are his child: his beloved.  

Let us pray:
Father in Heaven,
when the Spirit came down upon Jesus
at His Baptism in the Jordan,
You revealed Him as Your own Beloved Son.
Keep us, Your children,
born of water and the Spirit,
faithful to our calling.
May we, who share in Your Life
as Your children through Baptism,
follow in Christ’s path of service to people.
Let us become one in His Sacrifice
and hear His Word with faith.
May we live as Your children,
following the example of Jesus.
Amen.

Sermon: Christmas 2 RCL A – "Job Requirements"

There roofers banging away, so there will be no podcast this week.



In order to get the job, you need to meet the requirements, although, some requirements may at times seem questionable:

“Piano Player Wanted. Must have knowledge of opening clams.”

“Wanted: Grape Stompers. Must Have Good Balance and Large Feet. Skinny Folk need not apply.”

“Now hiring: cemetery superintendent. The ideal candidate must be able to supervise in a fast-paced environment.”

“Nemesis Wanted: into kayaking, books and conversation (by day), justice, honor and vengeance (by night).  Seeking arch-enemy, possibly crime lord or deformed megalomaniac.”

If one of the job requirements for becoming a priest was understanding quantum physics, I would not be standing here; however, Arthur Zajonc is a brilliant quantum physicist.  If that is not enough, he is also a noted anthropologist and in Catching the Light, discusses the requirements for sight.  He says, “From both the animal and human studies, we know there are critical developmental ‘windows’ in the first years of life. Sensory and motor skills are formed, and if this early opportunity is lost, trying to play catch up is hugely frustrating and mostly unsuccessful.”

Professor Zajonc writes of studies which investigated recovery from congenital blindness. Thanks to cornea transplants, people who had been blind from birth would suddenly have functional use of their eyes. Nevertheless, success was rare. Referring to one young boy, “The world does not appear to the patient as filled with the gifts of intelligible light, color, and shape upon awakening from surgery,” Zajonc observes. Light and eyes were not enough to grant the patient sight. “The light of day beckoned, but no light of mind replied within the boy’s anxious, open eyes.”

He concludes, “The sober truth remains that vision requires far more than a functioning physical organ. Without an inner light, without a formative visual imagination, we are blind.”  That “inner light”—the light of the mind—“must flow into and marry with the light of nature to bring forth a world.” (Source)  My translation of that boils down to, “Just because you can see, does not mean you can see.”

In our gospel reading today we are told, “In the time of King Herod, after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage.’”   We only know that these wise men/Magi/kings came from the East, but it is widely held that they traveled from the area of Babylon, at least five hundred miles away.  From that great distance, they had seen this star and it was bright enough and of such a nature and duration, that they were able to follow it to the manger in Bethlehem. 

Why would they have followed this star in the first place?  The Magi were astronomers and scholars.  Although they were not Jewish scholars, they must have had access to Jewish writings especially since—centuries before—the Jews had been held in captivity in Babylon.  These Magi scholars would have had access to the Jewish texts and understood the prophecies of the early writings.  They would have known that the rising of this particular star signified the birth of a Messiah King and in their souls they had no choice but to come and see.

Now, Herod and the boys were in Jerusalem and they had the same writings as the Magi.  They too are scholars, but not only that, they along with all of Israel are looking for the coming of a Messiah.  In addition, Jerusalem is less than five miles from Bethlehem.  So here is my question: “How come Herod and the boys couldn’t see that star?”  It is drawing people in from five hundred miles away, but the locals don’t see it.  Not just that, but even after the Magi told Herod that they had been following a star, don’t you think he could have just looked out the window and seen it for himself?  Couldn’t he have followed the star and also found Jesus, wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger?

What did our friend Professor Zajonc say: “Vision requires far more than a functioning physical organ.  Without an inner light we are blind.”  Or my highly academic interpretation of that, “Just because you can see, does not mean you can see.”

Herod didn’t know it, but he was a very little fish in a little pond and the only thing that wouldn’t fit in his pond was his ego.  Herod was not looking for the Light of the World, instead, he was only looking for some outside threat to his pond, therefore he would never see any sign of God: star, lightning bolt, 2×4 to the back of the head, etc. that would point him to a child in a manger.

The Pharisees and the others may have been looking for a king, but not the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.  They were looking for freedom from occupying armies, not freedom from sin and therefore they too were blind to God’s star and the coming of the Messiah.

In the words of Zajonc, both Herod and the Pharisees were missing an inner light, an ability to see God and the workings of God, because they were blinded by what they thought God should be and the requirements they had placed on his coming.  They were not looking for the One True God, but for a god in their own image, one who fit their requirements and purposes, therefore, they were not going to see Him or the signs of His coming.  Aren’t we fortunate to be so much more enlightened than them?

Like Herod and the boys, we often expect God to work according to our requirements and purposes.  And it is within that limited scope that we look for God.  When He doesn’t show up or operate within that scope, then we too are blinded to his work.

Maybe I’ve told you this already: after my dad had a stroke, I was desperate to get to him, but everyone said to wait: let’s see how he comes out of it, then let’s see how he does in physical therapy, and so on.  It was about two months from the time he had the stroke until the time I got to go down.  Finally the day arrived.  I was living in Montana at the time and it takes a day to get anywhere.  In some airport, I ordered a nice big Starbucks coffee.  About half way through the flight… well… its pit stop time, but because of turbulence, they weren’t letting anyone get up.  An hour later we land in Dallas and I have reached the point of pure desperation. 

I get off the plane and head down the concourse.  The only restroom I spot is closed for cleaning, so I head down to baggage claim and am frantically looking back and forth, when about two feet from me I hear somebody say, “Looking for someone?”  It was my Dad!  For several months I had been wanting to see him, to visit, to find out that he was OK, but I got so caught up in what I was doing and what I was looking for, that I literally nearly ran into him without even noticing he was there!  

Sad and stupid story, but it makes the point.  We can become so focused on our own lives, our plans, our goals, that in the midst of it all we can miss God!  His star can be shining directly in our faces, but like Herod and the others, even though we have eyes to see Him, these “goings on” in our lives can blind us and we will miss him.

Tomorrow is the Epiphany of our Lord to the gentiles, that is, God making himself known so that all the world might see Him.  The first Epiphany was the visitation of the Magi, but that was not the last, for we believe that God continues to make himself known to his people.

How is it that we might all have an epiphany of the Lord?  How might we “see” Him?  The example the Magi set is not a bad place to begin.  They said to Herod, “Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage.”  They placed no requirements or purposes upon Jesus.  They brought no agenda.  They came to pay him homage.  They came to truly “see” him.  They came to worship him.  They came for no other reason than to love God and to be loved by Him.   In doing so, in simply coming before him, God revealed himself to them.  None of us has to understand Quantum physics in order to understand that!  Don’t go looking for the God according to your job requirements, instead allow God to reveal the fullness of his glory to you.

Let us pray: O God, by the leading of a star you manifested your only Son to the peoples of the earth; lead us, who know you now by faith, to your presence, where we may see your glory face to face; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen

Sermon: Christmas 1 RCL A – "In the beginning…"

The podcast is available here.



The story of Adam and Eve was being carefully explained in the children’s Sunday School class. Following the story, the children were asked to draw some picture that would illustrate the story. Little Johnny was most interested and drew a picture of a car with three people in it. In the front seat, behind the wheel was a man and in the back seat, a man and a woman. The teacher was at a loss to understand how this illustrated the lesson of Adam and Eve, but little Johnny was prompt with his explanation, “Why, this is God driving Adam and Eve out of the garden!”

The story of Adam and Eve always conjures up thoughts of the creation and those famous first words, “In the beginning.” These three words appear several times throughout scripture, but I think we know them best from the prologue to St. John’s Gospel that we read this morning and also the opening words of book of Genesis, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.”

In the news we always get artist’s renditions of what something might look like and I’ve often wonder what their rendition of these opening words of Holy Scripture would be. In my mind, I see a black orb floating in black space, there are no stars or other planets, just this single orb, and it is covered in water. The water does not move. There is no life. It just sits, not stagnant, but still. I also see over the water a mist, a fog that is illuminated and it glows in a most holy and sacred light created of itself. The orb of course is earth, before God began his seven days of work, and the mist is the Spirit of God waiting in anticipation, hovering above the water.

And then as divine inspiration begins to churn, so do the heavens and the waters. Lights appear in the skies, creatures in the water. Land. Mountains. Rivers. Lakes. Trees. Animals. So creative is God in his holy work that not even a single snowflake on the highest peak is alike. Everything is divinely different, although some are similar, one polar bear is similar to another, but they are both unique in themselves.

And yet before all of this, “In the beginning” was also the Word, the Logos of God. The Logos of God is one of those very deep conversations, but we can simplify it by saying that Jesus is the incarnate Logos of God and so, in the beginning was Jesus and all that has been created was created through him.

In the New Testament we learn that you and I were also there. Not in bodily form, but in spirit – perhaps our soul. We know this because St. Paul teaches us, “God chose us in Jesus before the foundation of the world.” Before the foundation of the world God was, His Spirit was, Jesus was, and we were.

That’s the part that sort of trips up the brain. There was a movie in the eighties, The Seventh Sign, that popularized the idea of a place where the souls of every human being are held until they are born: the Guf. The movie was a bit off, but the idea of the Guf comes from Jewish mysticism.

In Jewish mysticism, the Chamber of Guf or body is also called the Hall of Souls, located in the Seventh Heaven. Every human soul is held to emanate from the Guf. In keeping with other Jewish legends that envision souls as bird-like, the Guf is sometimes described as a columbarium, or birdhouse. Folklore says sparrows can see the soul’s descent and this explains their joyous chirping. Is there any truth behind this teaching? Nothing biblical at all. It seems to be more a nice way to explain the unexplainable: how God could know us before the beginning of the world.

The point being, “In the beginning” when there was only God, we also existed in some form, whether as a thought of God or a soul, scripture is not clear, but that’s not the important part. The important part is that we may be similar to one another in body and form, but just as all the individual polar bears and snow flakes are unique, so are we. Therefore, before the beginning, God knew us individually and assigned each of us a unique role to play in His creation.

I was talking to my friend Heidi and she noted that, in spite of the fact that God knew who we were going to be and how we were going to turn out – the good, the bad, and the ugly – he still created us, because we, in small ways or great, were created to serve in his divine plan. What will that part be?

There is a plaque marking Abraham Lincoln’s birthplace near Hodgenville, Kentucky. On it is recorded this scrap of conversation between two fellas: “Any news down ‘t the village, Ezry?” “Well, Squire McLain’s gone t’ Washington t’ see Madison swore in, and ol’ Spellman tells me this Bonaparte fella has captured most o’ Spain. What’s new out here, neighbor?” “Nuthin’ nuthin’ a’tall, ‘cept fer a new baby born t’ Tom Lincoln. Nothin’ ever happens out here.”

What will our part be? We just don’t know. It might seem that nothing ever happens to us, but we have a unique role to play in God’s divine plan. If you’re like me, you would probably feel more comfortable with this unique role if God would provide a road map or something to help us figure it out instead of allowing us to stumble around in the dark, but in truth, he has. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came into being. What has come into being in him was life, and the life was the light of all people. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it.”

A buddy was bike riding with some friends and they took a trek that led them through a very long train tunnel. The tunnel took a bend in the middle and so there was quite a bit of time when they could not see the beginning or the end of the tunnel. All they had to rely on were the small head lights on their bikes; however, even with them it was still almost pitch black. The tunnel seemed to absorb every ray of light. His comment to the rest of the group traveling with him, “There is never enough light in the tunnel when you can’t see the end.”

That seems to sum up nicely the role God has called each of us to play. We are not sure where it has been and even more uncertain as to where it is going, but the light of Christ shines just enough to overcome this present darkness that surrounds us and in that we can have faith in knowing that God is with us.

In the beginning you were with God even before he laid the foundations of the world. You are with him now even though you fear that you are sometimes lost. However, you will be with him forever because that is the ultimate goal of his divine plan.

Let us pray:
God of love, Father of all,
the darkness that covered the earth
has given way to the bright dawn of your Word made flesh.
Make us a people of this light.
Make us faithful to your Word,
that we may bring your life to the waiting world.
Grant this through Christ our Lord.

Amen.